PRE-WAR CONGRESSMAN ANTONIO G. LLAMAS
In the elections of 1921 and 1940, a prominent pharmacist and educator from Mariveles named Antonio G. Llamas ran for Congressman of the lone district of Bataan. He won as the first Congressman from Mariveles. He was a very popular man in the province of Bataan when war broke out in December 1941. After the Fall of Bataan on April 9, 1942, the Japanese did not allow the people of Mariveles to return and rebuild the burned town. Congressman Llamas, like many other people of Mariveles, lived in Manila and nearby provinces during the Japanese occupation.
When the Americans returned and tried to liberate Manila, the Japanese decided to make a house-to-house defense of Manila. Thus the Japanese soldiers began their indiscriminate shooting and murder of innocent civilians. The Japanese soldiers murdered the whole family of Congressman Antonio G. Llamas. The only survivor was their adopted daughter carried by Mrs. Llamas through whose little body the bullet passed --- that killed her adopted mother. Miraculously, the little girl survived to become the Llamas heir. She managed the Mariveles High School (MHS) opened by Miss Elisa G. Llamas after the war to give the poor deserving graduates of the elementary grades the chance to continue their studies. MHS was later renamed Llamas Memorial Institute in honor of the late Congressman. The Mariveles Elementary School likewise was later renamed after Congressman Antonio G. Llamas.
Excerpt from MARIVELES IN RETROSPECT by Ricardo M. Catahan, Published from Bataan Women’s Graphics Sept. 2008 and KM ZERO Special Edition Magazine of LGU Mariveles, February 2009.